Anorexia, Bulimia and Orthorexia

 
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DEFINITION:

 ANOREXIA (means "without appetite"): It is a behavioral dysfunction with deviations in feeding habits that is expressed by an overwhelming rejection to maintain the corporal weight above the minimum values accepted for a certain age or height.

HISTORY:

 Since the Middle Ages antecedents exist on anorexia, since nuns followers of Saint Jerome were imposed, upon with a voluntary fast causing too much thin and losing the menstruation. The Princess Margarita of Hungary died of deliberate starvation. A Carmelite nun who only ate Sacrament host during 7 years.

NERVOUS PRIMARY ANOREXIA:

 In this disease does no other disease coexists, except the intense fear of gaining weight.

NERVOUS RESTRICTIVE ANOREXIA:

 The patient uses the fasting and the diet WITHOUT the vomiting or the use of laxatives.

BULIMAREXIA:

p;The patient presents periods of fasting and periods of eating in compulsively manner and cause vomit is cause, they are loosened with pugues or enemas.

NERVOUS SECONDARY ANOREXIA:

 Is a consequence of a psychiatric disease, such as schizophrenia or depression.

RISK FACTORS:

SEX:

 95 % women and 5% men, of this 5%, 95% are homosexuals.

AGE:

 Anorexia: between 14 and 20 years. At the beginning of adolescence.

 Bulimia: between 18 and 28 years. At the end of adolescence

PERSONALITY:

 Anorexia: obsessive, dependent and obedient.

 Bulimia: troubled, impulsive and slightly tolerant.

FAMILY ENVIRONMENT:

 Anorexia: rigid, strict and slightly tolerant families.

 Bulimia: troubled families with precedents of alcoholism, depression, drug addiction and obesity.

SOCIOECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT:

 It prevails more amongst high socioeconomic levels, but in past years it has begun to appear amongst low socioeconomic levels.

CULTURAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS:

 The ideal image of the body of woman has changed radicaly in past years, daily demands that they be thinner, almost all models are anorexic or bulimics and since teenagers have the tendency to imitate it is the pattern they follow, which leads them to search any archievement of this desire in manner or at cost of anything.

CONTINUES: DETECTION OF THE DISEASE.



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Dear visitor: The object of this web site is to inform and educate. Therefore, the information contained herein does not substitute professional medical attention.
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Medical supervision by Dr. Arieh Goldberg Kalik.
Bariatric physician, certified medical nutrition specialist. Certificate # 1010084

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